Knowledge Centre

Different Types of Heart Disease

  • Coronary artery disease (also known as coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease)
  • Cardiomyopathy – diseases of cardiac muscle
  • Hypertensive heart disease – diseases of the heart secondary to high blood pressure or hypertension
  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary heart disease – a failure at the right side of the heart with respiratory system involvement
  • Cardiac dysrhythmias – abnormalities of heart rhythm
  • Inflammatory heart disease
  • Endocarditis – inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. The structures most commonly involved are the heart valves.
  • Inflammatory cardiomegaly
  • Myocarditis – inflammation of the myocardium, the muscular part of the heart.
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular disease – disease of blood vessels that supply blood to the brain (includes stroke)
  • Peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs
  • Congenital heart disease – heart structure malformations existing at birth
  • Rheumatic heart disease – heart muscles and valves damage due to rheumatic fever caused by Streptococcus pyogenes a group a streptococcal infection.
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